“So we feel that the pressure is also not only so much against Finland and Sweden, but against some other NATO countries on this issue,” he added.
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NATO countries should have similar criteria for all states, he said, “because otherwise we come to the situation where different NATO member states would put different criteria to applicants, and I would guess that would end up in chaos.”
On Monday, there was the first meeting in several weeks of Swedish, Finnish and Turkish officials under the auspices of NATO, but the results were minimal. “We don’t see ourselves limited by any timetable,” Mr. Kalin said afterward. “The speed, scope of this process depends on these nations’ manner and speed of meeting our expectations.”
Most of those demands have to do with Sweden and its longstanding sympathy for Kurdish refugees and the Kurdish desire for autonomy, which Turkey regards as a threat to its own sovereignty. While the West condemns the P.K.K., it has relied heavily on a Syrian Kurdish offshoot in the fight against the Islamic State. And Turkish Kurdish leaders long ago abandoned talk of independence to concentrate on autonomy and increased rights for Turkish Kurds.
Mr. Erdogan is facing elections next June, and his popularity is slipping along with the Turkish economy. The Kurdish issue is an important one in Turkey and he is playing on nationalist sentiment now, while suppressing political dissent and independent journalism.