But tensions within the coalition over policy issues and unrelenting pressure from Mr. Netanyahu and his allies led two members of Mr. Bennett’s party, Yamina, to quit the coalition. Several left-wing and Arab lawmakers also rebelled on key votes, leading to governmental paralysis, then implosion.
So who is leading Israel right now?
Once the dissolution of Parliament is finally approved, most likely before the end of June, Mr. Bennett will hand over power to Yair Lapid, the centrist foreign minister and a former television personality, who will lead a caretaker government for several months at least, up until the election and for the duration of the protracted coalition negotiations likely to follow.
Under the terms of the coalition agreement, Mr. Lapid, the leader of Yesh Atid, Israel’s second-largest party after Mr. Netanyahu’s conservative Likud, was supposed to take over from Mr. Bennett as prime minister in August 2023.
But the agreement included a safety clause in the event that the government did not last that long. It stipulated that if Parliament were dissolved because of the actions of right-wing coalition members, as is the case, Mr. Lapid would automatically become acting prime minister of the interim government.